Rights Offering Issues

RO stock meaning

A rights offering or rights issue is a set of subscription warrants provided to current shareholders, allowing them to purchase additional stock shares in proportion to their existing holdings. This type of option grants a company’s stockholders the right, but not the obligation, to acquire more shares in the company.

Typically, the subscription price for each share in a rights offering is lower than the current market price. Additionally, the rights themselves are frequently transferable, meaning the holder has the option to sell them on the open market.

If you are keen on enhancing your skills in investment management or trading, explore our stock market training courses that cover core fundamentals and the latest research studies. These courses are taught by industry experts, offering you a comprehensive learning experience.

How a Rights Offering (Issue) Works

Under a rights offering, each shareholder is granted the right to acquire a pro-rata allocation of additional shares within a specified period, typically ranging from 16 to 30 days, at a specific price. It’s important to note that shareholders are not obliged to exercise this right.

Essentially, a rights offering is a way for a company to offer current shareholders the opportunity to purchase additional new shares at a discounted price. This is accomplished through the issuance of securities known as “rights,” which give shareholders the option to buy new shares at a lower price than the current market value on a specified future date. By providing this chance to increase their investment in the company at a reduced price, the company is offering shareholders an incentive to further invest in its stock. (For further information, refer to the Stock Rights Issue video.)

During the period leading up to the purchase date for the new shares, shareholders can trade the rights on the market in the same manner as regular shares. These rights have value, which serves to compensate existing shareholders for the future dilution of their existing shares’ worth. Dilution occurs because a rights offering spreads a company’s net profit over a larger number of shares, which reduces the company’s earnings per share (EPS) as the earnings are spread over more shares.

Types of Rights Offerings

There are two general types of rights offerings: direct rights offerings and insured/standby rights offerings.

  • Direct rights offerings do not involve standby/backstop purchasers, meaning that the issuer only sells the number of shares that have been exercised. In the event of improper subscription, the issuer may become undercapitalized.
  • Insured/standby rights offerings, which are typically more costly, involve third-party/backstop purchasers, such as investment banks, who are authorized to purchase any unexercised rights. These purchasers agree to the purchase prior to the rights offering, thereby guaranteeing the issuing company that its capital needs will be fulfilled.

Advantages of right issue:

  • Existing shareholders are presented with an opportunity to increase their ownership in the company at a reduced price, as the shares are offered at a discounted rate. This allows shareholders to lower their average holding price for the company.
  • A right issue is among the most advantageous methods for a company to raise capital, as it allows them to do so without accruing additional debt from high-interest rate loans from banks, resulting in decreased finance costs for the company.

Disadvantages of right issue:

  • Failure of a shareholder to subscribe to the rights issue may result in the company’s failure to attain its goal.
  • Promoters can raise a larger amount of funds from a follow-on public offering (FPO) than from rights offerings, as they can only raise funds through rights offerings in proportion to their current equity value.
  • In the event that a financially robust company chooses to offer shares through a rights issue, this may generate unfavorable market sentiment toward the company, with the assumption that the company is experiencing difficulty in managing its business operations effectively.
  • Rights issues result in the dilution of equity, causing a reduction in the percentage of ownership for those who choose not to subscribe to the rights offering, as new shares are allotted.
  • A time gap exists between the issuance of rights shares and their transfer to the holder’s account, which may result in the inability to receive the same percentage of discount while selling the rights shares.

Key Takeaways:

  • A rights issue of shares is essentially a means for a listed company on the stock exchange to generate additional funds.
  • An investor should consider more than just the discount offered and only subscribe to a rights issue if they are completely confident in the company’s performance and future potential, as they are essentially paying money to obtain an additional share.
  • The increase in the number of shares leads to a decline in EPS and book value per-share metrics.
  • The promoter’s participation in a rights issue of shares can be regarded as a positive sign.

If you are interested in learning about equity analysis, you may consider enrolling in course on Certification course in stock market.


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *